No one can escape aging skin concerns because they’re a natural part of life caused by intrinsic (chronological) aging and extrinsic aging, which has more to do with our lifestyle habits. While intrinsic aging is predetermined and unavoidable, extrinsic factors can be controlled. For example, getting enough sleep, eating a healthy diet, limiting alcohol consumption, ditching cigarettes, and protecting yourself from sun exposure — (the number one cause of aging skin). Signs of aging include fine lines, wrinkles, loss of elasticity, hyperpigmentation, and a rough and uneven skin tone.
Rosacea is a common skin condition that causes considerable redness due to the face’s visible blood vessels. It can also pop up on the scalp, ears, chest, and neck in some cases. It typically starts to surface around the age of 30, but this is not to say it can’t begin earlier in life. Rosacea symptoms include red eyelids (often accompanied by swelling); facial flushing; small, red, pus-filled bumps; and fine red vascular lines. Unfortunately, the cause of rosacea is unknown, but it can be controlled by the right skincare routine and avoiding triggers such as sunlight, heat, spicy foods, hair spray, alcohol, and stress.
Psoriasis is a skin condition that occurs when the immune system causes certain areas of the skin to produce new cells more rapidly than average. Psoriasis symptoms include itching, burning, excessive dryness, cracked skin, bleeding, itchiness, scaly and red patches of skin, swollen and stiff joints, and ridged nails. Anyone can get psoriasis, but it’s more prominent in adults; men and women are at equal risk.
Eczema is a common skin condition characterized by itchy, scaly, cracked, inflamed patches of skin. While it’s often seen in babies and infants, this skin concern can plague people of all ages, sexes, and races. There are seven different types of eczema, with atopic dermatitis being the most common. It can be defined by skin that becomes extremely dry and cracked. The runner up would be contact dermatitis, which occurs when the skin comes in contact with a trigger substance such as a harsh detergent.
If you battle acne, then chances are you’ve had to deal with acne scars at one point or another. Acne scars aren’t just characterized by their color, like distinguishing hyperpigmentation, but also the texture that typically feels like a small indentation in the skin. Acne scars are categorized as either atrophic (depressed) scars such as ice pick, boxcar, or rolling scars or hypertrophic (raised) scars caused by excessive collagen production during the skin healing process. Atrophic scars, on the other hand, don’t produce enough.
Melanin is the pigment that gives our hair and skin its color, but it also protects the skin. Even so, too much melanin can cause dark spots due to excessive (unprotected) sun exposure, aforementioned acne scarring, hormonal issues, skin diseases, and genetics. Dark spots can pop up anywhere on the face body, though they’re mostly found on the cheeks, forehead, and around the mouth, as well as other areas of the body that are regularly exposed to the sun.